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Neuro Intensive Care Department

Department of Neuro Intensive Care

When patients with life threatening diseases of brain, spinal cord and nerves were treated in General ICU the outcome was very poor. With the advent of Neuro Intensive Care concept after 1980’s, Neuro ICU managed by a specialist- Neuro Intensivist along with Neurologist, Neuro Surgeon and specialists for heart, lung and kidney supported by specially trained Nurses, Physiotherapist working as a team with advanced monitoring has improved the outcome of these patient’s significantly.

The department of Neuro Intensive Care at Neuro Foundation is well organized and being managed by full time Neuro Intensivists with more than 15 years of experience in managing wide variety of Neurological and Neuro Surgical illnesses.

The department has two state of the art ICU’s- one with 15 beds for patients with Neurosurgical illnesses and another with 10 beds for patients with Neurological illnesses. It is equipped with monitors for Basic life support like Electrocardiography, Pulse Oximetry, Capnography (ETCO2), Temperature, Blood Pressure both Non-Invasive and Invasive monitoring and advanced monitors to measure Intra Cranial Pressure (ICP), Trans Cranial Doppler (TCD). It is provided with 15 high end ventilators, 2 transport ventilators, Bed side Ultrasounds, Echocardiogrraphy, Bronchoscope & facilities for Haemodialysis and Plasmapheresis and Infusion Pumps to deliver fluids and drugs accurately.

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Services Offered

  • Ventilatory support including prone ventilation.
  • Fluid and electrolyte balance.
  • Ultrasound guided (USG) central venous line placement.
  • Intra arterial blood pressure monitoring.
  • Ultrasound (USG) guided fluid resuscitation.
  • Lung ultrasound to diagnose lung illnesses like fluid collection, infection and air.
  • Echocardiography.
  • Intra cranial pressure monitoring (ICP).
  • Bronchoscopy - Diagnostic & Therapeutic.

Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit

  • Traumatic Brain Injury : Sedation& pain relief, management of Cerebral oedema (Brain swelling) by appropriate positioning, drugs or by emergency surgery, ICP monitoring, Maintenance of hemodynamic stability(pulse rate, blood pressure) and ventilator support, Fluid and electrolyte balance, nutrition, blood sugar control and infection control.
  • Traumatic Spine Injury especially Upper (Cervical) Spinal Cord Injury : Monitor respiration and respiratory assistance (ventilatory support) if necessary, maintenance of hemodynamic stability.
  • Subarachnoid Haemorrhage : (bleeding within subarachnoid space, that is area between brain& tissues covering brain due to rupture of blood vessels) Find the cause of haemorrhage (bleed) treat aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation if necessary, monitor for clinical deterioration, manage systemic complications and maintain adequate blood flow to the brain and prevent Vasospasm (narrowing of blood vessels) and bridge patient to definite treatment either by surgery (Clipping) or by Neuro Intervention (Coiling).

Neurological Intensive Care Unit

  • Stroke : Airway management, maintenance of blood pressure and brain perfusion pressure to provide adequate blood flow to brain, intravenous fluid management, temperature control, prophylaxis against seizures, nutrition and treatment of medical complications.
  • Status Epilepticus : (fits that won”t stop or one fit comes after another without time for the person to recover) Termination of seizures(fits), prevention of seizure recurrence, treatment of cause of seizure, management of complications, monitoring of hemodynamic stability.
  • Meningitis & Encephalitis : (infection of coverings of brain& infection of brain)Empirical treatment with antibiotics and maintain hemodynamic stability, airway protection and ventilatory support if needed.
  • Neuromuscular Diseases causing respiratory Failure (Guillain Barre Syndrome, Myasthenia) : Monitor respiration and respiratory assistance if necessary, maintain hemodynamic stability.

Acute Stroke : Within 3-4 hrs after the onset of stroke, We offer, IV thrombolysis to dissolve the clots in Brain blood vessels or intra arterial thrombolysis or mechanical clot retrieval at Cath lab to restore optimal Brain blood flow at the earliest.

  • Seizure or fits that have occurred within 24 hrs or uncontrolled seizures.
  • Coma or excessive drowsiness or unconsciousness.- Whatever the reason, will be attended immediately.
  • Severe Headache
  • Head injury and Spinal injury
  • Subarachnoid Haemorrhage
  • Brain Tumors with raised intracranial pressure and neurological deficits like weakness of limbs and coma Brain infections like Meningitis and Encephalitis

Key Procedures

Intra Cranial Pressure (ICP) Monitoring

Monitoring of pressure within cranial cavity (Intra Cranial Pressure) is done by measuring ICP through a catheter placed in the ventricles of brain. Elevation in ICP will lead to decreased blood flow to brain and worsens the outcome. Continuous ICP monitoring helps to intervene early either by drugs or by surgery.

Trans Cranial Doppler (TCD) Monitoring

Useful in diagnosis and early intervention of Vasospasm (narrowing of blood vessels) in patient’s with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

USG guided Central Venous Line Placement

Compared to blend techniques USG guidance improves accuracy and prevent complications during central venous line placement (Inserting catheters in large veins).

USG guided Fluid Resuscitation

By observing the size of major vein (Inferior Vena Cava- IVC) during fluid resuscitation, over loading the patient’s heart which will lead to respiratory distress especially in cortically ill patient’s and elderly, can be avoided.

Bronchoscopy

Endoscopic visualization of inside of the airways useful in obtaining secretions from airway to diagnose infecting organisms and to relieve obstruction by mucous plugs and to suck out infected secretions.

Prone Ventilation

Patients are ventilated face lying down. It improves oxygenation and prevents ventilation induced lung injury in patient’s with severe lung infections or inflammation.

Meet Our Doctors

Dr.G.Sekar
Dr.G.Sekar

M.D

Senior Consultant

Dr. Suresh Babu
Dr. Suresh Babu

M.D

Senior Consultant