What is a brain tumour?

What is a brain tumour?

A growth of abnormal cells in the brain is called a brain tumour. It may be benign or cancerous.Tumours can form in the brain or cancer from other parts of the body can spread to form tumours in the brain. Benign or cancerous, brain tumours can cause serious and life-threateningcomplications.There are many types of brain tumours and how they affect us depends on their location and rate of growth.

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Causes of a brain tumour

There is no definite cause of brain tumour, but the two major risk factors that may increase the chances of getting brain tumour are exposure to radiation and a family history of genetic syndromes that could lead to brain tumour formation.
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Symptoms of a brain tumour

Symptoms of a brain tumor can vary widely depending on its size, location, and growth rate. They may include persistent headaches, seizures, changes in vision, cognitive difficulties, and personality or mood changes.

These symptoms could indicate a brain tumour, but diagnosis is based on neurological examination, MRI, CT Scan, PET and biopsy.

Studying a sample of the tumour tissue in a lab to determine if it is cancerous is called a biopsy. Open surgery was the only option for biopsy earlier, but now it can be performed using a needle through a small hole in the skull. This makes it possible to reach tumours in hard-to-reach areas of the brain.

Treatment options for brain tumour

Surgery that removes as much of the tumour as possible.

Radiation therapy that destroys cancer cells using X-rays or protons.

Radiosurgery that kills cancer cells by focusing multiple beams of radiation on a very small target area.

Chemotherapy that destroys cancer cells using powerful drugs.

Targeted drug therapy that targets and kills cancer cells specifically.

Cancer treatments may cause some side effects, most of which can be effectively managed with medication.

Brain tumours may cause problems with normal function depending on the area of the brain that is affected. Rehabilitation can help you recover as much of your abilities as possible.

Rehabilitation services include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and therapy to cope with memory and cognitive problems.

Brain tumour is a serious condition, but advanced treatment methods offer hope. With early detection and treatment we can manage it effectively.

Contact our expert neurologists and neurosurgeons for all neuro problems.

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